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Hypertension

Definition and Statistics
One in three American adults has hypertension. Blood pressure of > 140/90.
One in three American adults has normal blood pressure. Blood pressure of <120/80.
One in three American adults has prehypertension. Blood pressure that is in between 120/80 and 140/80.
Prehypertension increases your risk of getting hypertension.
63 million American adults have hypertension. The risk of getting hypertension increases as you get older. One in two adults over the age of 50 has high blood pressure. One in five people with hypertension don’t know that they have the disease.

Silent Killer
Hypertension is the leading cause of Heart disease and Stroke. Heart disease and Stroke are first and fourth leading causes of death in United States. When you have high blood pressure you are four times more likely to die of stroke and three times more likely to die of heart disease.

Diagnosis
Diagnosis of hypertension is made by getting your blood pressure checked.  Small percentage of people have white coat hypertension that refers to a situation in which blood pressure readings taken in a doctor’s office or hospital are significantly higher than those taken at home.

Treatment
Treatment of pre-hypertension and hypertension involves life-saving changes.

Key life-saving changes include:

Decrease total salt intake to 2300mg per day.

Balanced diet that is low in saturated and trans-fats and added sugars.

Exercise 30 minutes a day; five days a week.

Patients with prehypertension and hypertension benefit from the life-saving changes. Those with hypertension will also need prescription medications. Although the treatment can be difficult for some patients, majority of patients can be adequately treated for hypertension which can save them from getting heart attacks and strokes.

References:

http://www.cdc.gov/bloodpressure/facts.htm

http://www.heart.org/HEARTORG/Conditions/HighBloodPressure/High-Blood-Pressure_UCM_002020_SubHomePage.jsp

Note: All information on our website is for educational purposes only. For specific medical advice, diagnoses, and treatment, consult your doctor.

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White Plains Walk In Medical Care
10 Chester Ave, White Plains, NY 10601
914-448-1000
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