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Sore Throat

Sore throat or pharyngitis is a common medical condition which affects people of all ages. It occurs more commonly in children, smokers, patients with allergy and immunocompromised patients.

Viral infection is the most common cause of sore throat. Common cold virus (rhino) or flu virus (influenza) can lead to sore throat. Other virus infections such as mononucleosis, measles, and chicken pox can occasionally cause sore throat.
Bacterial infection can cause more serious form of sore throat. Bacterial infections include streptococcus infection, diphtheria and whooping cough.
Other causes of sore throat include irritation due to allergies or gastro esophageal reflux disease.

Signs and Symptoms:
Painful throat, difficulty swallowing, fever, swollen glands in the neck, enlarged tonsils with patches.
Other symptoms: Hoarseness, cough, runny nose, sneezing, body-aches, headaches, nausea and vomiting.

Home treatment of sore throat includes rest, gargles with warm salt water, lozenges, hydration with warm liquids, and medications such as Motrin or Tylenol.
Patients with symptoms of difficulty swallowing or difficulty breathing should see a doctor right away.
Patients with symptoms which do not improve with home treatment should also see a doctor. Based on the clinical evaluation and tests such as rapid strep test or swab culture some patients will require treatment with antibiotics. It is important to complete the course of antibiotics if diagnosis of strep throat is made to prevent complications such as rheumatic fever.

Wash hands or use hand sanitizer.
Do not share utensils.
Avoid smoking.
Reduce exposure to dust and allergens such as molds and pollen.
Use humidifier.

This information is supplied by White Plains Walk In Medical Care
10 Chester Ave, White Plains, NY 10601

Note: All information on our website is for educational purposes only. For specific medical advice, diagnoses, and treatment, consult your doctor.


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White Plains Walk In Medical Care
10 Chester Ave, White Plains, NY 10601
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